What is aperture? and what its maximum point? It is one of the basic questions we often ask and hear from new photographers. As a photographer, you need to know and understand this notion. Mastering aperture and how lenses work will help you get the right shot every time and will make you more productive on your job. This guide will explain the maximum aperture and which lenses go widest and how does it affect your images.
Basically, Aperture means the size of the opening inside a lens that permits light to travel to the camera’s sensor. Its size is measured in an “f-stop” number. The smaller the f-stop number means the larger the opening inside the lens, thus allowing more light to hit the sensor. While the larger the f-stop number is, the smaller the opening inside the lens, thus allowing lesser light.
Because aperture setting of the lens lets you control the amount of light, you can use this setting as part of your exposure adjustments. You can use a wider lens aperture in dim light so that more light gets through the sensor. On the other hand, you can use smaller lens aperture in bright light to reduce intensity of light. Aside from aperture, shutter speed or exposure time and ISO or sensitivity of the sensor are two other exposure adjustment factors that you need to consider. All in all, you need to practice how to handle effectively these 3 – aperture, ISO and shutter speed to get the right result according to ht conditions and type of subject you’re shooting.
When shooting for portraits, it is ideal to use a wide maximum aperture because it will let you shoot indoor portraits with out-of-focus backgrounds. It will also let you use faster shutter speeds in dim light.
It’s not always possible to use a tripod when light levels are very low especially at night time. Lens with wide aperture is ideal to handle this situation. It will let you shoot handheld at a quite safer shake-free shutter speeds without increasing the ISO.
Here, to shoot faster with clearer result is important. You need to shoot at least 1/500 sec or faster to freeze the action and stop blurred players on the photos.
The lens aperture also has an effect on the depth of field or near-to-far sharpness in your photos. That is why, the wider the aperture, the shallower the depth of field.
Close-up shooting and landscape photography don’t usually use extra-wide aperture thus making it less important because this kind of photography generally want as much depth of field as it can get.
Portraits and Sports Photography, however, usage of wide maximum aperture is important because it’s much better to blur background to make the subject stand out clearly.
Real Estate Photography may be tricky to deal with especially when you are still planning to become a photographer in that industry. You see, interior photography is a skill to achieve. One must know every factor that needs to be considered before taking shooting into action. Science and Artistry must be work together. Both sides need to be studied, practiced and mastered to become competitive in the field of real estate photography.
Spending a little time to look at other’s professional real-estate images can also give you new idea to improve your current skills. Based on our experiences, we will give you these top 5 tips to get started on your professional real estate photography.
1. Room Preparations
Of course, first in the list is to have enough time to prepare the outlook of the room to be photographed. By simply cleaning the room, removing any clutter such as paperwork, clothes and anything that will give distractions to your images. Then, turn all the light inside the room. This will help in making your room look inviting and it fills in the darker areas often found in the corners. Lastly, smooth down bed covers, blinds and curtains. Make your room spotless as possible.
There are certain must-have items you need to your real estate photography.
Tripod – tripod is very useful to hold your camera and avoid camera shakes. It will also result to sharper images. So, arm yourself with a tripod and remote shutter release to eliminate the risk of camera shakes when taking a shot.
Flash – One of the most important tools here. It will give you enough light when shooting. At least get yourself a good-quality one to invest with. With the use of flash, you can control the amount of light and where you can add more light to a certain corner.
Wide-angle Lens – Wide-angle lens will make your room look larger and spacious without causing any distortions or unrealistic proportions. It’s easier for you to get all the area inside the room in just a single photo.
Learn how to control these two important light types that you always need to deal with. The light inside a normal room maybe two or three stops darker than outside. So, taking a photo with camera set to expose for the room will leave the windows over-exposed because of the mass of over-powering white light. That is why, you need to understand how light works and blend it together to achieve the preferred output.
Identify the best view points around the room. You can try using different perspective views that conveys space or flow from one room to another. Always have a photo of more than one view point.
Mastering you settings especially to your camera will ensure you images are free of any unnecessary noise or grain. Using ISO 100 or 200 as default is better in this type of photography. Remember, having higher amount of ISO means the increase of effective power of your flash. Set you aperture at f/8 since it is usually the point where your lens is at its sharpest.
Been using Adobe Photoshop for many years? Then you already know very well that there is more than one way to go about nearly every task. The app is widely used, huge and powerful enough that your workflow has a wide range of flexibility. Well, Adobe Lightroom works almost the same with Adobe Photoshop. It is exactly the same and it features the many redundant tools and processes for improving your images. You may probably see a couple of alternative options you can choose from as we go through the tips below. Knowing how you with Adobe Lightroom give you the flexibility to try multiple ideas in one and to see which works best in a given situation.
1. Skin Fixing – The quick way
For a photo shoot, there are so many things that can go wrong especially with the model’s skin. Weather the photo shoot is taken outside or inside the studio; there are still certain factors that affects the totality of the image. For example, in a very hot weather, people may look overly red and patchy. That is why editing softwares are here to fix these imperfections.
Now, to fix this in Lightroom, simply adjust the brightness of the image. This will bring the color back to something g natural but as a side effect, you will be losing some of its details. In this case, losing some details is actually a good thing when you are dealing with wrinkles and pores that are overly obvious. You can also use the built-in tool in Lightroom that works well in this situation: the Soften Skin adjustment brush. Another way is the usage of Noise Reduction section. By doing so, the skin will look smoother and blemishes will be lessened.
2. Fading a Lightroom Preset
With a single click, you can take your image from boring to amazing when using some fading effects on your photos. To do this, use a free plug-in on Knobroom.com which is simply titled “The Fader”. It will give your Lightroom the ability to fade presets. After downloading and installing, Import a photo and Go to File>Plug-In Extras menu and click on The Fader. This will bring up the dialog where you can select a preset and then reduce its opacity.
3. The Solo Mode
Solo Mode saves the day and makes Lightroom much more usable by auto-collapsing any panel that you have opened as soon as you begin interacting with another panel. This will make the navigation around the interface a breeze. If you want to activate this, simply right-click on either set of panels and select the option Solo Mode and here you go!
7. Bokeh - a Japanese term which is used to signify the blurred areas of a photograph, outside the depth of field. Bokeh is often hard to quantify, but is typically used to describe the overall aesthetic value of the blurred areas. (for example: The bokeh that this lens produces is beautiful)
8. Focal Point or Focal Plane - the point or distance at which a lens is “focused”. DSLR lenses usually can focus automatically at a given point, or they can be set to be manually hand-focused by the photographer. Focal point can also refer to one of the various points which a camera can use to auto-focus.
9. Image Stabilization - a mechanism used in some lenses or camera bodies to mechanically and automatically compensate for camera-shake. This can be useful for taking pictures in lower-light conditions than normally possible – using longer exposures without compromising image quality due to camera-shake. As of this writing, the Canon and Nikon DSRL systems use IS in the lens, not the camera bodies. Common IS implementations are said to give 2 to 3 “stops” of hand-holdability (meaning you can use 2 or 3 levels of longer exposures to simulate the type of light you’d get from 2 or 3 additional f-stop steps.) It is important to note that IS only compensates for camera-shake, and will do nothing to mitigate motion-blur from moving targets. IS typically adds significant weight and cost to any given lens.
10. Camera-Shake or Hand-Shake - given that humans are not typically able to hold completely immobile in any given circumstance, camera-shake is the phenomenon that causes images to be blurred due to the camera being moved during exposure… essentially “smearing” the image on the sensor. The slower your shutter speed (or longer the exposure) – the more your images are going to be subject to camera shake. Imagine, for instance, that you need a full 30 seconds of exposure to create an image. ANY amount of movement of the camera is going to smear the image to a blurry mess. On the opposite end of the spectrum, very fast shutter speeds such as 1/4000th of a second can often freeze water falling or a bird in flight.
11. RAW and JPEG - the two most commonly used settings on DSLRs, these describe how the image is recorded to the flash-disk in your camera. JPEG is an industry-standard format which can produce good-looking images using relatively small disk-space, at the expense of some image quality and loss of detail. The vast majority of images displayed on the web use JPEG compression to enable speedy file transfer. RAW saves all the data captured by your camera sensor in the vendor-proprietary format, which means all data captured is kept intact – providing the greatest amount of detail. However, RAW files take up significantly more space than JPEG, and can actually slow down picture-taking when doing burst-mode photography since the flash-disks can only record data so fast. RAW files also require processing work to be done after transfer to a computer, before it can be seen in a useable format by other users (typically converted to JPEG or one of the other more common file formats.) Adobe Photoshop and other similar types of software can be used for this type of processing. Most professional photographers will save their photos in RAW format to ensure maximum detail and flexibility for future use of a photo.
12. Full-Frame vs Cropped - All 35mm film SLRs were considered full-frame, meaning they utilized the full surface area of the film during exposure. Since DSLR sensors are difficult and expensive to create, only the highest-end cameras tend to have full-frame capability (in fact until the past few years no full-frame DSLRs even existed.) For those not willing to shell out several thousand dollars for full-framed cameras (as of this writing the cheapest full-frame DSLR is the Canon 5D which is over $3k) – there are a range of decent DSLRs that use smaller sensors, essentially “cropping” the useful amount of view theoretically possible with any given lens. The Canon Rebel XT and 30D/20D/10D series, as well as Nikon D40/70/80 series, all fall under this category. These cameras utilize a 1.6x (Canon) or 1.5x (Nikon) “crop-factor” to compensate for the smaller sensors. In practice, this means that what is normally a 50mm lens used on a full-frame or film body, is in effect an 80mm or 75mm lens on a Canon 30D or Nikon D80. Though this generally means slightly less detail in your images compared to a full body (it’s like taking a full-body image then cropping and enlarging a section) – it does have some potential benefit (or additional drawback) in increasing your effective focal-length…. good if you want telephoto, and bad if you want wide-angle.
1. Depth of Field – the range around the focal plane which is considered acceptably “in-focus” to the human eye. In general, the depth of field is increased by using smaller apertures, or by increasing the distance to the focal point. (For example, to get a very “shallow” depth of field, where only your subject is in focus and everything before and after is blurry – you can use a larger aperture and/or get closer to the subject either physically or by zooming in.)
2. Noise – this refers to image degradation caused by the sensor’s limitations in capturing and recording light, particularly in low-light situations. Image noise usually looks like random flecks or patterns of mis-colored light that are spread throughout a photograph – particularly noticeable in dark areas. Noise is the main drawback to bumping up ISO to take photos in low-light situations. In general, the higher the ISO, the “noisier” the resulting image. This is because ISO is increased by bumping up the image amplification of the image captured by the sensor – though images captured in low-light are amplified, so also are any imperfections and errors recorded by the sensor. Manufacturers are constantly battling to reduce noise in their cameras – as a result, the highest-end DSLRs (particularly Canons) exhibit acceptable noise levels even at ISO 800 and sometimes 1600 or 3200, whereas typical point-and-shoots often look terrible at ISO 400.
3. Prime Lenses – before the invention of “zooms” – all lenses had a fixed focal-length, and thus always took photos at the same distance-perspective. Prime lenses have the advantage of being simpler, lighter, and cheaper to construct that zooms. They also tend to produce sharper images (though this is not always the case anymore with the very best zooms) – and have larger maximum apertures (great for low-light shooting).
4. Zoom Lenses – these lenses sport variable focal-lengths, giving the photographer increased flexibility in taking pictures, without having to swap lenses. For example, a 24-70mm zoom allows the photographer to go from wide-angle lens (24mm) to normal (at 50mm) and almost to the low telephoto range (at 70mm) all with a single lens. While this is enormously useful in many situations, zooms have several disadvantages as well. They tend to be much heavier and more mechanically complex (and thus expensive) compared to primes. It is also hard to use large apertures for zooms, with fixed apertures being particularly problematic to achieve. Thus, most inexpensive zooms have variable max apertures (meaning the max aperture value changes depending on the focal length the photographer uses.) Fixed apertures are available, but they tend to be quite pricey, especially at larger apertures (f2.8 tends to be the highest max aperture available for DSLR zooms.)
5. Aperture-priority – a setting on a camera that allows you to select your desired aperture, then lets the camera choose the proper shutter-speed for itself (using it’s built-in sensors). Very useful when a photographer wants to use specific apertures to create bokeh, or improve image quality (the largest apertures often result in “soft” or blurry images on cheaper lenses).
6. Shutter-priority – a setting on a camera that allows you to select your desired shutter-speed, and lets the camera choose the best accompanying aperture to create a shot (using it’s built-in sensors). Useful if you absolutely need a specific shutter-speed to freeze motion, or achieve some other specific effect. (Note, in practice, I find I hardly ever have the need to specify a particular shutter-speed.)
Yes, Real estate is one of the world’s most competitive industries. With agents looking for their next big sale, it is like selling real estate is all about setting yourself apart from the competition. So how do you get your real estate catchy to the buyer’s eyes? The answer is simply by having a perfect home photo. With todays fast pace changing demands for real estate photography, it is a career pursuit to also go with it flow and explore new things to help you improve more and become more competitive. However, being successful in this industry requires some techniques and consideration that sets it apart from other photographic disciplines. So let’s take a look!
First of all, having the right gear is very important since these tools will set you up for success. So always choose your gear with consideration. This will be the first step that is needed to get started.
The key in having a picture perfect home is not all about the camera itself. Actually, you don’t need to have an expensive or latest camera to get solid shots. Real estate photography is possibly less demanding when it comes to camera. A camera with a good high ISO performance will always give you benefits.
Camera lenses are also important in real estate photography. Having a wide angle lens is your always best bet. A wide angle or ultra-wide angle lens is the key to real estate photography success. Because the perspective provided by these lenses will allow you to put the viewer in the scene and making them feel as if they are actually in that home.
Camera and photography accessories are also important to help you in your shooting procedures. Tripod is one of common accessories to have. It will give you more stabilization especially when shooting in an unstable environment.
The Perfect Capture
Once you’ve got the right gears, capturing the scenes is the trickiest one. As a real estate photographer, you need to capture shots that will have the home solid in no time flat.
So, the first thing you should do is to survey the house, interior and exterior. Once you already got good ideas of how you should photograph the areas, just dive into the scene. Setup your camera and tripod and begin composing the scene the way that will showcase its beauty. This stage quite requires a certain appreciation for architectural designs.
After the shoot, collecting these photos and editing them is another way to enhance its beauty. There are already a lot of applications you can use to edit your photos. Adobe Photoshop is one of them and is commonly used by professional photographers. Also, having the right and enough knowledge of the software will give you edge on what kind of editing these photos should have. Using 3rd party programs are very useful to help you improve and eliminate unwanted objects around your photos. Above all, everything needs time and effort to become successful in real estate photography.
By contrast, a parametric image editor generally cannot change the original pixels. By creating instructions or parameters for interpreting the file, changes can be made. So if adding more color red to a certain image, the software will create an instruction that tells to make more red pixels. The original pixel which is the source image will never changed at all but only reinterpreted. That is why parametric image editing in non-destructive type of editing.
Parametric Image editing is very well suited to many at a time workflow because it uses text-based instructions. You can take instructions that are made for one image and eventually apply them to other additional images.
The creation of a masterfile is the result of Optimized image editing. A masterfile is a large version of the image in a wide gamut color space. It is processed with greater attention to detail, tone and color unlike the batch-processed capture files. Creating a masterfile is a necessary step for project which specifies Web use and Print use purposes.
File optimization can take place in PIEware as well as in raster image editing applications like Photoshop. It gives the selection of having both a traditional masterfile creation in Photoshop and a virtual masterfile creation in PIEware.
Since a Masterfile is highly rated by either the photographer, the client or both of them, it is considered to be a high-value image file. It is also a large time investment on PIEware, Photoshop or both. Make sure that these files are backed-up as working files and archived files. When doing the back-up strategy, it depends on whether the masterfile is a virtual type created in PIEware or in a standard formats such as PSD, TIFF or rarely, one of JPEG variants like JPEG 2000 and JPEG XR.
High Dynamic Range Imaging (HDR)
HDR editing today can far surpass the dynamic restrictions of traditional chemical and digital photography. It can be used to recreate a scene more accurately just how human vision works. Today, there is already a lot of specialized software that offers HDR editing. These softwares are used to compress the greater tonal range of HDR images into a tonal range that can be displayed on conventional monitors or prints. When shooting for HDR scenes, a photographer needs to photograph a sequence of exposure-bracketed Low Dynamic Range (LDR) captures. Then use a software to merge them into a HDR file format.
Panorama stitching is a process of stitching multiple images together in a one single image file. This is increasingly very popular image editing technique today especially when doing panorama images, super high resolution images of mosaic imagery and virtual reality tours.
Spending a lot of time doing editing in Adobe Lightroom? And working at your desk for your Lightroom catalog? Luckily, that’s about to change with the help of Adobe Lightroom Mobile launched by the same developers of its desktop version. By just downloading and installing the app, you can do any editing anytime and anywhere. The mobile app is very convenient and easy to use.
To get started with Adobe Lightroom mobile, you need to update your existing Lightroom app to the latest version. Since launching alongside Lightroom mobile is the new Lightroom 5.4 which is a requirement when using the mobile version. Adobe Creative Cloud subscription is also needed to use the app. If you still don’t have one, you can try a 30-day free trial of Lightroom mobile when signing to Adobe ID.
Getting Started with the App
To setup the Lightroom mobile, you need to sync the entire catalog to its cloud. Lightroom will send selected collections to the cloud but make sure you are signed to Lightroom 5.4 with your Adobe ID before attempting to start syncing.
Also, make sure to have a collection of images built in your app before starting with the synced collection. Right-click a collection name in the Collections panel and choose Sync with Lightroom mobile. Remember, only one catalog can be synced at a time and switching them will cause in losing the synced collection.
The Culling Process
It is one of the key parts of Lightroom’s workflow. In the lower left corner of the images, you can see a flag icon that can be tapped to toggle an image as a pick. This is one of the uses of the app, to cull images set to the keeper images. You can also swipe up or down on the image to flag or unflag it. The app will immediately find its way to cull image collections down away from the computer.
The Editing Process
Lightroom mobile almost have the same editing power to its desktop version. The interface is also designed to perfectly fit a touch screen device for easy handling and use. Editing in this app is very simple and yet powerful to its output. Picking an attribute, sliding the point and your editing changes will take effect. Cropping is also available here. You can pick an aspect ratio to crop images and tap and drag over the image to change your crop. Twisting your fingers can also be used to correct tilt.
Image editing has become a central part of modern photography process. Learning and understanding different image editing concepts will help you to fully utilize the techniques used in photo editing. As we do not know yet, or for some already knew this, there are actually two basic ways that images can be adjusted – Pixel editing and Parametric Image editing. Knowing the difference of these two methods have a lot of implications for how you approach image editing.
The basic kind of image editing and is commonly used today is what we call “Pixel Editing” which you actually alter the image’s pixels to make a change. So, when you want to add more red color to your JPEG, you increase the amount of red in the pixels. And when saving with these changes, you actually made a permanent change to your image since the original color information was replaced with the new color information. Meaning, the original image no longer exist unless if you made an extra copy of it.
This requires pixel editing tools that are available in Photoshop and other raster image editors. It uses many images and layers that can take you days in this kind of work. This style is more on creating new image out of images. Meaning you are trying to combine different photos in one and letting your imagination at work. Sometimes this technique is referred to as “photoimaging “instead of photography.
Batch image editing
This kind of editing technique can be done in pixel editing apps like Photoshop but it is really much more viable to do batch editing in PIEware. The main reason is that, pixel editing is designed to do on a one-at-a-time process. Using actions in Photoshop can make it possible to make batch editing that is applied to all the images in a folder which are acted on one-by-one. While PIEware works by creating small instruction sets that are associated with each image file. These sets of instructions can be then applied either to individual or a number of selected image files. It can also be executed either as you work, saved up and applied as a batch.
The main difference of these two is that many discrete instruction sets can be applied, making some images become darker or lighter, more contrast or less, etc. in any number of combination.
Image Optimization is reserved for highly rated images especially when it is selected by your clients. Optimized image editing takes image adjustments to a higher level of precision. Although you can optimize images to near perfection in PIEware, there are still many instances that an image requires a one-at-a-time process of Photoshop. Because In some cases, using HDR, Panoramic stitching or different vector graphic combinations need to be included into the image.
Ever wonder how photos displayed on different websites appear to be attracting to the eyes? Or do you think the photos you edited come up lacking compared to those images on other websites? If so, the answer might be simpler than you think. Doing the same editing style on your photos may not be still enough to this changing world of technology and photography. Adding some little improvements to your editing rules and styles might be the easier way to compete with others powerful photos over the internet. So here the steps you can use to improve any photos and are perfect for your websites, advertising and other media. Enjoy!
Always start with small things
Before fixing any big things and imperfections to your photos, it is a good rule to look at the little things. It will lessen erasures and distortions to your photos. Start this by using tools used for easy fixtures like Clone stamp tool and Spot healing brush tool. To remove unnecessary objects to your image like wires, Clone Stamp Tool is best to use. While Spot Healing or Healing Brush Tool is great for removing blemishes especially when editing portraits and models. On the other hand, Red Eye Tool is perfect for fixing red eye problems in your photos.
Aside from normal brightness and contrast adjustment from Photoshop, also try to use Levels and Curves. Levels and Curves adjustment are way better than brightness since it covers wide range for enhancing tones and exposures of your images.
Have that crisp on your images!
It is always good to know that adding sharpness to any photo will bring out its beauty. It is commonly used to bring back the photo’s details and contrasts. Sharpened images will become more attracting to screen display and when you need to print some of it, try to add a little higher as printing process can soften the image.
Photoshop has this neat color fixing for enhancing the image’s color. You can use the LAB Color space to do it. Knowing the right color profile will help you make vivid colors in your photos. But aside from colors, you can also use the Grayscale for black and white ambiance of your photo.